When you have published your research article, your institution encourages you to deposit a version of the article in the institutional repository (the institutional online archive). This is very often called green open access. The version of the article you may deposit is usually a so-called post-print.
In this chapter, you will learn about the following issues:
Open Access archiving, or self-archiving in an open repository, means that you deposit your research publications in an online archive. Publications are made available online free of charge. Open archives do not perform peer reviewing, but they can contain copies of journal articles that have been peer reviewed elsewhere.
What about self-archiving books?
Publishers will often let copyright for books that are out of print go back to the author. If this is not stated in your contract with the publisher, you would have to ask them for permission.
In addition, open access online repositories are used for making available research material that is not easily accessible through other channels, e.g. dissertations, working papers, conference papers and research reports.
There are different types of open access repositories:
Institutional repositories: These contain articles, master’s theses, doctoral dissertations, and other types of research publications from the institution.
Subject (disciplinary) repositories: These contain research publications in one or more subject area. Many of these repositories are pre-print archives, where researchers can make early versions of articles available in order to distribute findings fast.
There are also repositories affiliated to funding bodies, scholarly communities and national or cross-institutional archives, which might establish their own repositories to ensure that research that they fund is made available online.
Why archive your publications online?
Access: More people will have access to research articles, online books and unpublished material.
Searchable: The material is indexed by search engines, like Google and Google Scholar, and harvested by national and international databases and library catalogues.
Archiving: Open repositories ensure long-term archiving and no broken links.
Visibility: Institutional repositories can collect, make visible and promote an institution’s research, while subject repositories can do the same within specific fields.
Archiving in an institutional repository (‘green’ open access)
If you are affiliated to a research institution in Norway, you can deliver a full text of your publication to your institutional repository through the national research information system Cristin:
Do you find this difficult? Don’t panic! After you deliver the full text document in Cristin, library staff will check your publication before it is made openly available online in the repository.
Versions of articles:
Some journals set an embargo period on self-archiving one or more versions of an article. Usually the embargo period will be 6, 12 or 24 months after publishing, depending on the subject area.
Examples of institutional repositories in Norway:
Below are examples of Norwegian institutional repositories. Please note, though, that you will usually upload to your institutional repository via Cristin, as described above, and not directly to the repository.
For a full list of Norwegian institutional repositories see the Norwegian website for open access (in Norwegian). If you cannot find your repository on the list, contact your library.
For a full list of institutional repositories worldwide, see the Directory of Open Access Repositories (Open DOAR).
An option can be to make available a version in a subject based repository. One example is ArXiv.org.
In the Open Directory you will find a list of disciplinary repositories.
SOS. Questions and answers about open access in Norway in general (Norwegian text only)
More on self-archiving via Cristin in institutional repositories/ archives (Norwegian text only)